# Archimedes’ Screw

In Dresden’s “*Old Masters*” collection is the famous painting by the Italian painter *Domenico Fetti* (1588–1623) showing one of the most important mathematicians of antiquity, *Archimedes of Syracuse* (c. 287 BC-212 BC). Even during the development of the higher calculus in the 16. and in the 17th century, mathematicians relied on the preliminary work of Archimedes.